Description: Jack White EDIT
Jack White (born John Anthony Gillis on July 9, 1975) is an American musician, record producer, and occasional actor best known as the guitarist and lead vocalist of the alternative rock musical duo The White Stripes. He is also a member of rock band The Raconteurs and The Dead Weather. During the 1990s, White was a part-time musician in various underground bands in Detroit, while working by day as an upholsterer.
White formed The White Stripes in 1997 with then-wife Meg White. The band went on to have a string of critically-acclaimed albums, with their third, White Blood Cells, catapulting them to international stardom. Jack was ranked #17 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of “The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.” White’s popular and critical success with The White Stripes enabled him to collaborate as a solo artist with other renowned musicians, such as Loretta Lynn, whose 2004 album Van Lear Rose he produced and performed on, Beck, The Rolling Stones, and Bob Dylan. In 2005, White became a founding member of the rock band The Raconteurs. White recently collaborated with Alicia Keys on “Another Way to Die” to write and produce the theme tune for the Bond movie, Quantum of Solace.
Jack White uses numerous effects to create his powerful live sound, most notably a Digitech Whammy IV to create the rapid modulations in pitch he uses in his solos. The guitars he uses live are two 1965 JB Hutto Montgomery Airlines (one which he received from a fan), a Harmony Rocket, a 1970s-era Crestwood Astral II, 1950s-era Kay Hollowbody, a Gretsch White Penguin (as seen in the music video for “Icky Thump”), and a custom Gretsch Rancher Falcon acoustic guitar. When playing with the Raconteurs, White usually plays two custom Gretsch-styled copies of the Duo Jet double-cutaway guitar, one of which, dubbed the Tripple Jet, is his main guitar that is made of copper and features a Gretsch logo from 1912. For their first tour, Jack also played Gretsch Anniversary Jr. w/ Bigsby with three Filtertron pickups. He also uses a Gretsch Rancher acoustic guitar and he now uses a custom Gretsch Anniversary Jr. with two cutaways, a built-in retractable microphone, and a theramin next to the Bigsby. Jack has dubbed this one the "Triple Green Machine. Occasionally, he plays a Gretsch Duo Jet in Cadillac Green. Recently, he has featured his latest Gretsch, a custom white “Billy-Bo” Jupiter Thunder in the music video for “Another Way to Die.” For the Raconteurs’ 2008 tour, he had all of his pedals copper plated by Analogman. He has also been known to play a variety of Fender Telecasters, featuring one in the music video for Loretta Lynn’s “Portland, Oregon.” In concert with an MXR Micro-Amp and custom Electro-Harmonix Big Muff Distortion/Sustainer, White can produce a very distinctive sound. In 2005, for the single “Blue Orchid”, White employed the use of a new Electro-Harmonix creation, the Polyphonic Octave Generator (POG). Similar to (but more versatile than) the Whammy IV, the POG lets the user mix in several octave effects into one along with the dry signal. He also has three Zvex Tremolo Probes, that are hand painted black. All of the pedals that he uses live have been professionally painted red to match his red/black/white color scheme (with the exception of his Whammy and the other pedals that are already red). He plugs this setup into a 1970s Fender Twin Reverb and two 100-Watt Sears Silvertone 6×10 combo amplifiers.9
White also produces a “fake” bass tone by playing the Kay Hollowbody and JB Hutto Montgomery Airline guitars through a Whammy IV set to one octave down for a very thick, low, rumbling sound, which he uses most notably on the songs “Seven Nation Army” and “The Hardest Button to Button” and “Blue Orchid” during live performances.
On occasion, White also plays other instruments, such as a Black Gibson F-4 mandolin (“Little Ghost”), piano (on most tracks from Get Behind Me Satan, and various others), an electric piano on such tracks as “The Air Near My Fingers” and “I’m Finding it Harder to be a Gentleman” in which he used a Rhodes Mark II stage piano. White also plays percussion instruments such as the marimba (as on “The Nurse”), drums and tambourine. On Broken Boy Soldiers, he is credited as playing the album’s synths and organ; however, bandmate Brendan Benson also received credit for these instruments and it is unclear who played on which song.
White plays barre chords with a different technique than most musicians. Instead of using his ring finger to fret the higher notes, Jack uses his little finger. This is because of a car accident in which his left index finger was injured and also the fact that his brothers would never teach him the proper way to do so, which he explains in an appearance with the Raconteurs on the show In the Attic.
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